Towards the first generation free of child labour

An integrated and interdependent analysis of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in relation to Target 8.7

10. Reduced inequalities

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets.

Additionally, while income inequality between countries may have been reduced, inequality within countries has risen. There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations.

Empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status. Evidence from the region indicates that “The leading reasons for the lower participation of indigenous and Afro-descendent people in secondary and post-secondary education included higher rates of poverty and child and adolescent labour, the distance of schools from their homes, particularly in rural areas, the low quality of the educational facilities to which they have access, the relevance of their study programmes and discrimination” (ECLAC, 2015: p. 29). Indeed, more incentives for child labour exist in socially and politically disadvantaged groups of society.